Grooming of pedigree dogs is a mandatory procedure, but it is not as simple as it can seem. Those dog owners who choose to groom their pups themselves instead of using the services of professionals, need to have some skills. But it is equally important to have the right grooming kit. Commonly, it includes a clipper with several replaceable blades, scissors, and combs.

Table of Contents:

What is a Dog Clipper Blade and Why It’s Important to Choose the Right Type
Dog Clipper Blade Sizes Chart
Wahl Dog Clipper Blade Sizes
Andis Dog Clipper Blade Sizes
Dog Clipping by Breed
Frequently Asked Questions
Our Recommendations

What is a Dog Clipper Blade and Why It’s Important to Choose the Right Type

If you’ve ever seen a professional groomer at work, you must’ve noticed that he never uses one and the same clipper blade for grooming a pet’s legs, head, belly, tail, etc. The fact is that different sizes and types of blades give absolutely different results. If you want to clip your canine according to all existing canons, you need not only the best dog clipper but also to use the blades of the right size and type.

Skip-Tooth and Fine-Tooth Blades

The difference between these two types is in the gap between separate teeth. As the name implies, skip-tooth blades have rare teeth, while fine-teeth blades feature fine teeth. Skip-tooth blades are often supplied with a clipper as a standard option. They are effective for the trimming of matted or very thick fur. Also, they are used at the initial stage of trimming for cutting off long hair. Fine-tooth blades, in turn, are better for thin and soft hair. You can also use them to make the trimmed hair smooth and even.

Ceramic and Steel Clipper Blades

Commonly, clipper blades are made of chrome-plated stainless steel – carbon, silver or titanium. They are inexpensive, durable, and lightweight. Ceramic blades, in turn, virtually don’t get blunt, so you don’t need to sharpen them regularly. Also, they don’t conduct heat, which means they don’t get hot, unlike steel blades.

Clipper Blade Edgings

A blade edging is a coating, which is used to change the properties of the cutting edges. For example, UltraEdge uses carbon to make its blades harder. Andis applies the electro-glide technology for its EGT and EGT+ blades. Oster also uses carbon in its CryogenX and elite series.

Dog Clipper Blade Sizes Chart

Both skip- and fine-tooth blades come in a variety of sizes. A clipper blade size is commonly expressed in numbers from 3 to 50. The difference between smaller and larger sizes is in the length of hair they leave on a dog’s body. Smaller blade sizes leave longer hair and vice versa. For example, blade #3 leaves about 1/2 inches and a blade #50 – just 1/125 inches.

Choose the blade size depending on the dog breed, the part of the body, and the haircut you want to get. In average, you’ll need 2-4 blades to groom one dog. In our dog clipper blade sizes chart, you’ll find recommendations for some popular dog breeds.

Part of the bodyRetrievers

Terriers

Spaniels

Setters

Poodles

Body5-75-74-74-77
HeadScissors10 or scissors10-157-1010-15
Legs5-710, 30 or scissors7Scissors3-5
TailScissors4-7 or scissorsN/AScissors10-15

Dog Clipper Blade Numbers and Lengths of Cut

Below is a list of the clipper blade numbers and the length of coat that is left on the dog after the clip.

Clipper Blade NumberDescription of Cut
Blade #3 or #3FCuts and leaves 1/2″ or 13mm length of coat on the dog
Blade #4 or # 4FCuts and leaves approximately 3/8″ or 9.5mm length of coat
Blade #5/8 Toe BladeIs specifically for clipping between the toes and feet
Blade #5 or #5FCuts and leaves approximately 1/4″ or 6mm length of coat
Blade #7/8 Toe BladeIs specifically for clipping between toes and feet
Blade #7 or #7FCuts and leaves approximately 1/8″ or 3.2mm length of coat
Blade #8 1/2Cuts and leaves 7/64″ or 2.8mm length of coat
Blade #9Cuts and leaves approximately 5/64″ or 2mm length of coat
Blade #10Cuts and leaves 1/16″ or 2mm length of coat
Blade #15Cuts and leaves 1.2mm length of coat
Blade #30Cuts and leaves 0.5mm length of coat
Blade #40 & #50Are specifically for short surgical cuts

Recommended blade numbers for different lengths of cut for pet clipping:

Summer: Blade number to use over the body – # 7; blade number for clipping around the anal area and underneath the dog’s hind leg area – #10.

WinterBlade number to use over the body – # 4 or #5; blade number for clipping around the anal area and underneath the dog’s hind leg area – # 10.

Wahl Dog Clipper Blade Sizes

Wahl is a major manufacturer of dog clippers and clipping accessories. Among other things, it offers high-quality clipper blades of various sizes. Its unique proposal is a professional 5-in-1 clipper blade, which can be adjusted for different needs. This is a convenient solution, as it allows to complete grooming without changing the blades. The sizes included are 9, 10, 15, 30, and 40.

Andis Dog Clipper Blade Sizes

Another top-rated supplier of dog clippers is Andis, which offers a broad range of replaceable clipper blades. It has four popular product lines – UltraEdge, CeramicEdge, EGT, and EGT+.

The UltraEdge line includes the following sizes: 40, 30, 15, 10, 9, 8 ½, 7, 7F, 6F, 5, 5F, 4 ½ F, 4, 4F, 3 ¾, 3 ¾F, 5/8, 5/8 Wide, 3/4, T-10.

The CeramicEdge line includes the following sizes: 40, 30, 15, 10, 9, 8 ½, 7, 7F, 5, 5F, 4, 4F, 3 ¾F, 5/8, 3/4.

The EGT/EGT+ lines include the following sizes: 40, 30, 15, 10, 7F, 5F.

Dog Clipping by Breed

Breed

Details

Afghan Hound
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • On Saddle Only – 7F
Airedale Terrier
  • Body & Tail – 7F, 5F, 4F, 3F
  • Head & Neck – 7F
  • Legs, Chest, Beard, & Eyebrows – 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
  • Ears, Cheeks, & Throat – 7F or 10
American Cocker Spaniel
  • Body, Sides, & Back Only – 7F, 5F, 4F
  • Sides of Neck – 7F
  • Face, Ears, & Throat – 10
Bearded Collie
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim at 2″ – 30 with 1¼” Comb
Bedlington Terrier
  • Body – 4 or 3
  • Head, Ears, & Tail – 10 or 15
Bichon Frise
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Show Trim at 1″ – 30 & 1″ Comb
  • Pet Trim – 4 or 3
  • Head – 30 with ¾”, 1″ or 1¼” Comb
Bouvier Des Flandres
  • Body – 3, 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
  • Legs – Scissors, 30 with 1″ or 1¼” Comb
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Head – 4F
  • Face – Scissors
  • Ears – 10 or 15
Briard Terrier
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim at 2″ – 30 & 1¼” Comb
  • Short Trim – 4F
  • Face, Legs, & Undercarriage – Scissors
Cairn Terrier
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Natural Look 2″ – 30 & ¾” Comb
  • Pet Trim, Shorter on Back – 4
  • Head, Face, Legs, & Underbody – Scissors
  • Ears – 10
Chow Chow
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Natural Coat – Scissors
  • Body – 7
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Short Trim – 3, 3F, 4, 4F
Cocker Spaniel
  • Body, Sides, & Back – 4F, 5F, 7F
  • Neck – 9
  • Face, Ears, & Throat – 10, 15
Collie
  • Body – 7F
  • For More Length on Body – 4 or 3
  • Short Trim – 3, 3F, 4, 4F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Natural Coat – Scissors
Dandie Dinmont
  • Body, Sides, & Back Only – 5 or 4
  • Head, Tail, Legs, & Under Belly – Scissors
  • Legs & Undercarriage – Scissors
  • Ears – 10 or 15
English Cocker Spaniel
  • Body, Sides, & Back Only – 7F, 5F, 4F
  • Front of Forearms – 7F
  • Head, Neck, and Ears – 15
English Setter
  • Body, Sides, & Back Only – 7F, 5F, 4F
  • Head, Neck, & Ears – 10
  • Tail, Legs, Underbody – Scissors
English Springer Spaniel
  • Body, Sides, & Back Only – 7F, 5F, 4F
  • Head, Neck, & Ears – 10
Golden Retriever
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Body – 7F or 5F
  • Legs, Tail, & Underbody – Scissors
Great Pyrenees
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Long Body Trim – 4 or 3
Irish Setter
  • Body, Sides, & Back – 7F, 5F, 4F
  • Head, Neck, & Ears – 7 or 10
  • Tail, Legs, & Underbody – Scissors
Irish Terrier
  • Body, Sides, & Back – 7F, 5F, 5
  • Head, Neck, & Ears – 10
  • Tail, Legs, & Underbody – Scissors
Keeshond
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Natural Coat – Scissors
  • Short Trim, Back & Sides – 4
  • Head, Neck, & Ears – 10 or 9
  • Body, Sides, & Tail – 30 with 1″ Comb
Kerry Blue Terrier
  • Body & Tail – 4F or 3F
  • Face – 10
  • Ears, Cheeks, & Throat – 10
  • Legs – 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
Lakeland Terrier
  • Body & Tail – 7F, 5F, 4F, 3F
  • Head, Neck, & Ears – 10
  • Legs, Chest, Beard, & Eyebrows – 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
Lhasa Apso
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Short Trim – 3F or 4F
  • Head, Face, Tail, & Underbody – Scissors
Maltese
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Short Trim – 4
  • Head – 4F, 3F, 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
  • Face & Tail – Scissors
Newfoundland
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Natural Coat – Scissors
  • Short Coat – 4 or 3
Old English Sheepdog
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Short Coat – 3, 3F, 4, 4F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1¼” Comb
  • Head & Face – Scissors
Pekingese
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Short Coat – 4 or 4F
Poodles – Kennel Trim
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Face, Feet, & Base of Tail – 10 or 15
  • Body & Legs – 5, 4, 3
  • Top Knot & Tailpiece – Scissors
Poodles – Lamb Trim
  • Face, Feet, & Base of Tail – 10 or 15
  • Body – 5, 4, 3
  • Legs – 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
  • Top Knot & Tailpiece – Scissors
Poodles – Summer Trim – Bikini Trim
  • Face, Feet, & Base of Tail – 10 or 15
  • Body & Legs – 7F or 5F
  • Pom-poms, Top Knot & Tail Pom – Scissors
  • Stomach – 10
Portuguese Water Dog
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Short Coat – 3, 3F, 4, 4F
  • Body & Legs – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Head & Tail – Scissors
Samoyed
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Tail – Scissors
Schnauzer
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Throat, Ears, & Cheeks – 10
  • Body & Tail – 7, 5, 4F
  • Legs – 3 with ¾” Comb
Scottish Terrier
  • Body, Back, & Sides – 5 or 4
  • Head, Neck, Cheeks, Throat, & Ears – 10
  • Tail – 4F
Sealyham
  • Body, Back, & Sides Only – 5 or 4
  • Head, Neck, & Ears – 10
  • Tail – 5 or 4
Shetland Sheepdog
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Long Trim – 4 or 3
  • Natural Coat & Tail – Scissors
Shih Tzu
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Short Trim – 4F or 3F
  • Head, Tail, & Ears – Scissors
Silky Terrier
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with ¾” Comb
  • Short Trim – 4F
  • Head, Underbody, & Tail – Scissors
  • Ears – 10
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
  • Body & Tail – 3, 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
  • Head & Ears – Scissors
  • Shorter Trim – 4F
  • Legs – 30 with 1″ Comb
Welsh Terrier
  • Body & Tail – 7F or 5F
  • Head, Cheeks, Throat, & Ears – 10
  • Legs, Chest, Beard, & Eyebrows – 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
West Highland White Terrier
  • Body, Back, & Sides – 5F, 4F, 3F
  • Tail & Underbody – Scissors
  • Head & Legs – 30 with 1″ or 1¼” Comb
  • Ear Tips – 10 or 15
Yorkshire Terrier
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Short Trim – 4F or 3F
  • Face – Scissors
  • Ear Tips – 10
Mixed Breeds – Curly Coat
  • Body & Legs – 4F or 3F
  • Face (Poodle Style) – 10 or Scissors
  • Face (Teddy Bear Style) – 3F or 30 with ¾” or 1″ Comb
  • Tail – Scissors
Mixed Breeds – Wiry Coat
  • Body & Tail – 7F, 5F, 4F, 3F
  • Legs, Chest, Beard, & Eyebrows – 3F
  • Ears – 10
  • Face & Eyebrows – Scissors
Mixed Breeds – Smooth Coat
  • Matted Coat – 7F
  • Puppy Trim – 30 with 1″ Comb
  • Short Trim – 4F
  • Head, Face, & Tail – Scissors
Cats
  • Very Matted – 10
  • Some Matting – 7F

Frequently Asked Questions

Choosing the right size and type of a clipper blade is important. But it is equally important to maintain the clipper and the blades properly. In this section, we’ll publish answers to some frequently asked by dog owners questions, regarding the use and maintenance of clippers and clipper blades.

Q: How Do the Clipper Blades Work?

A: Clipper blades come in the form of a metal or ceramic comb with sharp teeth. The edges of the teeth are blunt that is why they don’t scratch the skin. Instead, they raise the hairs at the preset height and then cut them.

Q: What Size Blade Do You Use for a Puppy Cut?

A: Puppies usually have softer and thinner hair than adult dogs. If the fur is not matted a fine-tooth blade will do. As for the size, it depends on the breed and the desired haircut. Commonly, sizes 4-5 are used for the body and sizes 10-15 for the head.

Q: How to Put the Blades on a Dog Grooming Clippers?

A: Make sure your clipper is off! Take the blade and put it into the slot on the clipper. Align the blade with the blade holder to let a small clasp on the holder into the hole on the blade. Then push the blade and the holder together till it clicks.

Q: How to Clean Dog Grooming Blades?

A: Blades need to be cleaned from dirt and hairs regularly. The best way to clean the clipper blades is by using special blade cleaning solutions. For example, you can use the Oster dog clipper blade wash. Just rinse the blades in the solution after every use to remove the debris and cool down the blade itself.

Q: What Does FC Mean on a Clipper Blade?

A: The marking FC on a clipper blade means “fine cut”. A fine-cut blade in the same as a fine-tooth blade – a blade with small gaps between the teeth.

Q: How Thick is a Dog Clipper Blade Size 10?

A: A size 10 clipper blade is a blade that leaves 1/16 inches or 2 mm of hair. This is a medium-sized option that suits for general trimming.

Q: What is a Skip-Tooth Blade?

A: A skip-tooth blade is a blade with rare teeth. In other words, this is a blade where the gap between the teeth is large enough. It suits for a coarse trimming and for the trimming of very thick or matted fur.

Our Recommendations

No matter what dog you have – a retriever or a toy-terrier; a puppy or an adult canine, you’ll have to groom it once in a while. To do the grooming by yourself you’ll need a good dog clipper and a set of clipper blades. Though most clipper blades are interchangeable, we recommend buying the blades of the same brand as the clipper. Check the dog clipper sizes chart on the manufacturer’s site to find what options suit for your needs. Don’t forget about scissors and combs.

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Mandy

If I am using a guard on my clippers what is the difference between using a 10 blade or a 15 blade?

Alisa Mendoza

Mandy,

You are cutting a blade, not a guard. The shearing length will be slightly longer at # 10 even with the casing.

Dianne

I have a senior golden retriever and need to cut the hair on the bottom of the paws so she doesn’t slip on the floor. Before I would have that done with the nail clip but the groomer no longer does it due to covid for some reason. Only with a full groom, but the nails and paw hair require much more frequent grooming. I am nervous about hurting her. She is very calm though – pulls a little when I clip the hair in the paws, was hoping to use a razor though. Your thoughts? And Size of razor… Read more »

Alisa Mendoza

Hi,
Wow, you have a friendly dog. I do not recommend a razor for dog paws. For paws, only a nail clip or Dog Grooming Scissors with a rounding at the end:
https://prnt.sc/tf9mpv
or Baby Scissors:
https://prnt.sc/tf9oe1

Last edited 29 дней назад by Alisa Mendoza
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